The World of Veterinary Science
Dr. Nagesh Reddy B
Joint Secretary of Pet Practitioners Association of Karnataka
Member of World Small Animal Practitioners Association
EC Member of Silicon City Kennel Club
1.Why choose Veterinary Science?
First and foremost, it is the love towards animals that makes a student to take up Veterinary Science. But it is not just about cats and dogs. It is the branch of medicine that deals with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of disease, disorder and injury in both domesticated and wild animals.
2. What is the scope for a vet in India?
The scope is very huge in our country. In most cases, veterinary science graduates become practitioners. They either work as private practitioners or as government doctors. Besides this, vets also take up jobs in universities as professors or research faculty. There are also people who work in pharmaceutical companies as well, mainly for research. Microbiology and pharmacology are also two areas where there is huge scope.
3. Is it better to study abroad?
Not necessarily. There are good colleges for veterinary sciences in India, as well. Pursuing a PG degree abroad is easier than acquiring a UG degree. Here, in India, all veterinary colleges are government colleges. Thus, only merit students find an entry into these colleges. But it is comparatively easier to get into the field due to limited competition.
4.How financially stable can a vet become?
It mainly depends upon the type of job they take up. People looking for a stable job in this field usually take up government jobs instead of opening private clinics. The pay is quite similar to the pay of a government physician. A veterinary doctor has his own skillset, quite like normal doctors.
5. What about higher studies?
After UG, there are mainly two fields veterinary aspirants go into – animal science and veterinary science. Like I said earlier, veterinary sciences deal with surgery, medication, gynaecology etc, while animal sciences work with livestock, poultry, their production management etc.There are other specialisation courses such as anatomy, physiology, bio-chemistry etc. So, the scope, again, is quite high but varies on the basis of what an individual is keen on doing.
6.Is it possible to practise abroad with a degree from India?
It’s possible in certain parts of the world, but not everywhere like US and most western countries. Places like Dubai have no such policies to adhere to, whereas to work in the US, one has toclear tests to qualify to be a practitioner. Usually, aspirants are required to clear a theory and practical exam which is the equivalent to the degree that is offered in India. What people mainly do is that they prepare for these exams while studying for PG itself. One cannot practice directly. And it’s possible to do a PG courseabroad with a UG degree from India.
7.Which are the best colleges in India?
One of the best colleges is the Veterinary College in Bangalore, which is one of the oldest in India. Besides this, Mumbai Veterinary College, Pant Nagar university in UP, Delhi Veterinary College and Chennai Veterinary College arealso exceptionally good colleges.
8.How will you rank colleges in Karnataka?
The Bangalore Veterinary College has to be the best in the state.Recently opened universities in Bidar and Hassan are also quite good.
9.What is the admission process in India?
Quite like medicine, an aspirant must go through CET to pursue education in this field. There is no capitation or quota, however. Only merit students are eligible. There is an Agriculture quota of 10%, since it comes under agriculture. The national level exam was AIPVT which is now replaced by NEET. Depending on the merit, students can apply to universities.
10.What is your advice to veterinary aspirants?
One must have clear knowledge about the field. It is more than just treating pets and animals. Several subjects like anatomy, physiology, microbiology must be studied to understand the field better. There is a good scope in the field and those who are interested in working with animals will find it to be an interesting career option. India has lesser opportunities for a vet as compared to other foreign nations when it comes to working with wild life NGOs. Veterinarians are only hired in certain national parks for consultation. Government jobs fare superior than private jobs in India. One can work in organisations and research facilities abroad. The level of interest is far higher. In India, government sector dominates most of the field.